IELTS Preparation: you wanna prepare for the IELTS exam then here is something important for you, Learn English grammar with this lesson of noun here.
There are plenty of things that can be learned and understand in nouns. Such as definition, kinds, and rules. Though, from rules, only nouns can be justified as what type of is it.
Define noun: A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place animal or thing.
For example, Person – Ram, Geeta, Rahul any name of a person
Place – Chandigarh, Goa, Taj Mahal, etc. Animal – Tiger, Lion, Elephant, etc
Thing – mat, gate, hat, door, etc
There are six kinds of noun and each noun has its own meaning:
- Common Noun
- Proper Noun
- Collective Noun
- Abstract Noun
- Countable Noun
- Uncountable Noun
Now let’s leans the meanings and rules of each kind of noun:
1. Common noun
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What is a common noun?
A common noun is a name given in common to every person, place, animal/bird or thing of the same class or kind.
- Boys are playing football.
- I love my country.
- He is playing with his dog.
- She liked your car.
2. Proper Noun
What is a proper noun?
A proper noun is the name of some particular person, place, and animal.
The most important thing and easy way to know that a particular word is a proper noun are “it always starts with a capital letter”.
- Ram is going to school.
- Seeta and Geeta both are dancing.
- Taj Mahal is in Agra.
3. Collective Noun
What is a collective noun?
A collective noun is the name of a number (or collection) of a person or things taken together and spoken of as one whole; as:
It could be a group of people, animals or things.
Group of person:
- Crowd of people
- Gang of men
- Jury of judges
- Army of soldiers
- Faculty of teachers
- Team of the match, etc.
Group of things:
- Range of mountains
- Bunch of grapes
- Bale of wood
- Pair of shoes
- Flight of stairs
- Pile of books, papers, magazines and many more
Group of animals:
- School of fish
- A colony of bats, ants
- Gaggle of geese
- Herd of cattle
- A flock of birds, sheep
- Swarm ofbees and many more are there
4. Abstract Noun
What is an abstract noun?
An abstract noun is usually the name of a quality, action or state. Considered apart from the object to which it belongs; as. Which can’t be seen or touch only feel.
Words that define quality:
Goodness, kindness, whiteness, darkness, hardness, brightness, honesty, wisdom, bravery and many more words are there.
- Honesty is the best policy.
- The soldiers were rewarded for their bravery.
Words that define action:
Laughter, theft, movement, judgment, hatred and many more words are there
- He had the audience hooting with laughter.
- Tom was arrested for theft.
Words that define state:
Childhood, boyhood, youth, slavery, sleep, sickness, death, poverty and many more are there
- I often think of the happy days of childhood.
- The noise woke her from a deep sleep.
5. Countable Noun
What is a countable noun?
Countable nouns are the names of objects, people, etc. that can be counted, whether singular or plural.
Words which are singular:
Book, girl, cow, house and many more words are there.
Words which are plural:
Children, cats, cars, boys and many more words are there.
- Children are playing.
- Where is my bottle?
- Boys are playing with dogs.
6. Uncountable Noun
What is an uncountable noun?
The uncountable noun is the names of things that we cannot count.
There are some rules which will make it easy to understand:
Ø Can’t be plural
Ø Use a singular verb with an uncountable noun
Ø Don’t use ‘a’ or ‘an’ with an uncountable noun; rice, a knowledge.
Words that come under uncountable noun are:
Juice, meat, milk, rice, sugar, coffee, oil, salt, cheese, and many more words are there under uncountable nouns.
- Tony played music on her new radio.
- The rain pelted on the window.
- They want to drink tea not coffee.
- The most important thing that will make easy to understand is: We say “books” but we don’t say “milk”.